21八月

沙發馬鈴薯(Couch Potato)的健康生活

再不站起來就要發芽啦!

英語中有個有趣的詞彙“couch potato”,中文則直譯『沙發馬鈴薯』,沙發跟馬鈴薯這兩個風馬牛不相及是怎麼湊在一起的呢? 這是少數有確切起源日期詞彙,在1976年時由住在加州帕薩迪納(Pasadena)一位名叫湯姆亞奇諾(Tom Iacino)與好友在電話中聊天所提及,在當時健康飲食與運動的風潮中,略帶嘲諷意味地反向鼓吹人們像植物般靜靜坐在電視前享受垃圾食物。

 

沙發馬鈴薯 couch potato

 

沙發馬鈴薯一詞的源起

美國人因陰極管(CRT)電視的外型將其暱稱為呆管(boob tube),而亞奇諾這群朋友的生活以電視為重心,他們便自稱呆管人(boob tubers)。亞奇諾之後又以“potato”取代“tuber”這個單字,想像著馬鈴薯坐著看電視的情景,便創造了沙發馬鈴薯(couch potato)這個新詞彙。為什麼選擇“potato”這個字呢? 因為potato的外型可以傳達呆滯、笨重、無活動力的感覺,栩栩如生地描述電視成癮者。

這群好友中有個地下漫畫家羅伯特阿姆斯壯(Robert Amstrong)隨後將“Couch Potato”申請為商標,不但畫了個馬鈴薯在沙發上看電視的圖案做為精神象徵,更進一步成立一個社群,還將沙發馬鈴薯週邊產品商業化,包括圓領衫、帽子、布偶、汽車保險桿貼紙等,甚至發行『呆管人之音:沙發馬鈴薯通訊(The Tubers Voice: The Couch Potato Newsletter)』,並出版一本書,書名為『史普德博士的沙發馬鈴薯禮儀(Dr. Spudd's Etiquette for the Couch Potato)』。

阿姆斯壯成立的『沙發馬鈴薯』社群,據信以看電視做為一種冥想的方式,在阿姆斯壯的積極推廣下,加上電視節目越來越精采豐富,該社群的會員人數增加到7,000人,甚至舉辦過遊行,讓一群沙發馬鈴薯會員們癱坐在花車上的沙發看電視,使得“couch potato”不斷在各大報紙、雜誌、廣播中出現,於是沙發馬鈴薯這個詞彙開始廣泛地使用在生活中,而時代的變遷也造就了越來越多的沙發馬鈴薯。

 

社會的變遷造就更多沙發馬鈴薯

從沙發馬鈴薯開始,我們要探討一個更加廣泛的現象,也就是“sedentary lifestyle”,這是指人們在工作時或日常生活中坐著的時間佔有非常高的比例,嚴重壓縮大多數人起身運動或勞動的時間。

人類社會從過去逐水草而居的遊牧生活時代,隨著農業與畜牧的技術進步,有能力在一個固定的地方生產足夠的糧食,便可以定居下來,這個過程在人類學上稱為“sedentism”。工業革命、國際貿易等更促使人類社會的分工越來越細膩;公司的規模越來越大,公司內的分工也越來越細,每個人就像小小的螺絲釘一樣。常見的職務可分為會計、財務、業務、生產、人力資源等,高度分工與工業化的結果使得許多人的工作可以在辦公室裡自己的座位上完成,電腦及網際網路的發達更是推波助瀾,使得大多數的白領階級都坐著辦公,鮮少需要起身活動。

不止工作上坐著的時間越來越長,人們為了居家生活的舒適性,沙發、餐椅、書桌椅越來越普遍,搭配著音響、電視或電腦,在家坐著觀賞電視或使用電腦的時間也明顯增加,長時間坐著靜止不動已經是常態,遙控器(zapper, remote control)問世則使情況加劇,不用起身即可操作電視,使得沙發馬鈴薯越來越普遍。

 

沙發馬鈴薯的健康問題

然而,長時間坐著靜止不動的生活型態(sedentary lifestyle)對健康的負面影響非常大,身體活動量大幅減少所引發的健康問題包括焦慮(anxiety)、心血管疾病(cardiovascular disease)、死亡率增加、深靜脈血栓(Deep Vein Thrombosis)、抑鬱(depression)、糖尿病(diabetes)、結腸癌(colon cancer)、高血壓、肥胖(obesity)、骨質疏鬆(osteoporosis)、脂質代謝失調(lipid metabolism disorder)、腎結石(kidney stones)等。

沙發馬鈴薯 couch potato

根據研究顯示,每天坐著超過5個小時以上,罹患上述慢性疾病(chronic disease)的風險就非常高。若要降低罹病的風險,專家建議每週累計的運動時間要達到4個小時以上。因此,多以步行、騎自行車、爬樓梯取代開車、大眾運輸工具或電梯是高度建議的,並養成定期運動的習慣與興趣,如登山、游泳或球類運動等。此外,也要定期測量膽固醇及血壓,並維持身體質量指數(BMI)在合理的範圍內。

沙發馬鈴薯還要注意長期坐姿不正確可能造成的脊椎病變及腰部肌肉傷害,《什麼坐姿最健康?》近年來也引起許多人的關注與研究。久坐在沙發上時,大多數人都會不自覺向前滑動,呈半躺半坐的姿勢,但一般沙發並不是為半躺半坐的姿勢設計,因此腰部懸空造成肌肉緊繃、頸椎與腰椎向前彎曲並承受壓力與張力,輕則引起腰痠背痛的症狀,重則造成脊椎的傷害。因此,沙發馬鈴薯們可得要注意自己的坐姿,或是買張功能沙發,想要半躺半坐時,功能沙發的椅背也可以配合調整角度。

 

 

莫德珞沙發家具 │ Modello Sofa Furniture

(原創文章歡迎轉貼,但請註明來源網址 http://www.sofa-modello.com/index.php/modello-blog/sofa-news/item/healthy-couch-potato)

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